WTO Dispute Settlement

Through an examination of the actual process of an authentic WTO dispute, this course focuses on how the dispute settlement mechanism of the WTO operates from a legal, political and diplomatic perspective. By placing the WTO in the broad institutional context of international economic relations, it will consider how WTO panelists, arbitrators, and members of the Appellate Body have propelled the WTO dispute settlement system to become one of the most effective international litigation mechanisms. In reviewing the procedural steps of a dispute, including the use of experts, the retaliation stage, and the eventual mutually agreed solution, the students will be able to experience how States and other international actors can address international economic tensions resulting from societal choices, while pursuing the WTO goals of both fighting against illegitimate protectionism and protecting legitimate public policy objectives.